Chapter

Before Chancellorsville: Sigel, Blenker, and the Reinforcement of German Ethnicity in the Union Army, 1861–1862

Christian B. Keller

in Chancellorsville and the Germans

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780823226504
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823234899 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823226504.003.0003

Series: The North's Civil War

Before Chancellorsville: Sigel, Blenker,             and the Reinforcement of German Ethnicity in the Union Army, 1861–1862

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Nearly all of the German regiments that campaigned in the eastern theater of war came from the great cities: New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Milwaukee, and Pittsburgh. Nearly all of them in turn would be first clustered together in Ludwig Blenker's German division and later in the Eleventh Corps. After Cross Keys, the German regiments witnessed several changes to their command structure. The embattled Blenker resigned his post and would hold no further commands in the war. Carl Schurz, who had repeatedly written Abraham Lincoln and prominent Republicans from Spain requesting a military appointment, was waiting in the wings and, with Blenker removed from the picture, he got his chance. Not long after Schurz joined the army, Lincoln completely reorganized his scattered forces in Virginia and consolidated them into one unified command. Franz Sigel, whose resignation had caused such indignation among German Americans at the beginning of 1862, was transferred to the east and replaced John C. Frémont, to the joy of the German-language press.

Keywords: German regiments; Ludwig Blenker; Carl Schurz; Abraham Lincoln; Franz Sigel; German Americans

Chapter.  10001 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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