The <i>Homo Faber</i> Debate in Dewey and Max Scheler

Larry A. Hickman

in Pragmatism as Post-Postmodernism

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780823228416
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823235544 | DOI:

Series: American Philosophy

The Homo Faber Debate               in Dewey and Max Scheler

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This chapter discusses the differences between philosophers John Dewey and Max Scheler in relation to the homo faber doctrine. This doctrine was originally conceived by Henri Bergson and expounded by Dewey. Scheler criticized the primary features of the doctrine that considers humankind as uniquely a sign-making animal. The irony of Scheler's position with respect to the Instrumentalism of Dewey and Sidney Hook is that he took the continuity between human beings and the higher primates much more seriously in concrete terms than they did, thereby admitting the involvement of the higher primates in symbolic behavior and their use of simple forms of language.

Keywords: John Dewey; Max Scheler; homo faber doctrine; Henri Bergson; Sidney Hook; Instrumentalism; symbolic behaviour; language

Chapter.  3275 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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