Chapter

Can Philosophy Be Christian?

Avery Cardinal Dulles

in Church and Society

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780823228621
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823236619 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823228621.003.0021
Can Philosophy Be Christian?

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This chapter examines the possibility of a Christian philosophy, distinguishing between the roles of faith and reason. Christian philosophers have reached no agreement about how philosophy is related to faith. The classical positions fall into three main types. According to the first school of thought, there is a Christian philosophy, and in fact the only true and adequate philosophy is Christian. The second classical position, from the neo-Thomists of the Louvain school, holds that philosophy must proceed rigorously by its own methods, without allowing itself to be influenced by faith. Between these two contrasting positions there are several mediating positions, which make the third category. Meanwhile, faith and reason, as described by John Paul II, are united like the two natures of Christ, which coexisted without confusion or alteration in a single person. Christian wisdom, similarly, involves a synthesis of theology and philosophy, each supporting and benefiting the other.

Keywords: Christian philosophy; faith; reason; Christian wisdom; neo-Thomists

Chapter.  5759 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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