Chapter

The “Ruin” of the Transcendental Tradition

Andrea Hurst

in Derrida Vis-à-vis Lacan

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780823228744
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823235179 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823228744.003.0002

Series: Perspectives in Continental Philosophy

The “Ruin” of               the Transcendental Tradition

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This chapter lays out the earliest account of transcendental constitution as it appears in Immanuel Kant, indicating subsequently in what ways Edmund Husserl's phenomenological style departs from Kant's preoccupations. It then turns to Martin Heidegger's critique of Husserl, and, finally, to the challenge Friedrich Nietzsche's remarks concerning the nature of language poses for Heidegger, which may also be understood in terms of the conflict between essentialism and nominalism. In Heidegger's self-critical later writings, the moment of aletheia that closes up the economic circulation described in this chapter is given the more paradoxical form of an articulation between Ereignis and Enteignis (“forgetting”). This chapter not only offers a just exposition of Heidegger or Nietzsche, but uses certain insights in each to pose a contrast between the economic and aneconomic moments that stand together in unresolved conflict in Sigmund Freud's writings.

Keywords: Immanuel Kant; Edmund Husserl; Sigmund Freud; forgetting; Martin Heidegger; Friedrich Nietzsche; essentialism; nominalism; transcendental constitution

Chapter.  11632 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Language

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