The Last Phoenix: Conflicting Legacies, 1890–2007

Edmund L. Drago

in Confederate Phoenix

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780823229376
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823234912 | DOI:

Series: Reconstructing America

The Last Phoenix: Conflicting Legacies, 1890–2007

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This chapter discusses the two conflicting legacies of Civil War and Reconstruction which competed for hegemony in South Carolina after the 1890s. The present conflict evolved out of the triumph of Racial Radicalism in South Carolina. Racial Radicalism, by establishing Jim Crow segregation, nurtured the growth of a black professional class who provided the leadership to establish the South Carolina Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). On the eve of the sesquicentennial of the firing on Fort Sumter, the issue of slavery seems to be the key to the reconciliation of conflicting legacies.

Keywords: Civil War; reconstruction; South Carolina; Racial Radicalism; Jim Crow segregation; NAACP; slavery

Chapter.  6448 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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