Chapter

Seeing Nature Spatially

Edward W. Soja

in Without Nature?

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780823230693
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823237227 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823230693.003.0009
Seeing Nature Spatially

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This chapter argues that nature and society, and the relations between them, have been fundamentally urban for the past twelve millennia, since the formation of the first permanent urban settlements. Moreover, during this long duration, urbanization and urban spatial causality have been the primary forces behind the transformations of nature as well as all forms of societal development: economic, political, cultural, aesthetic. Even the best contemporary arguments that nature has been socialized, embedded in the dynamics of industrialization and reflexive modernization, and made into an essentially political project are not enough to explain why we may be “without nature.” Understanding nature today means putting urban spatiality first.

Keywords: nature; society; urbanization; urban spatiality; urban settlement

Chapter.  8888 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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