Chapter

Sharia and State in the Sudan

Shamil Jeppie

in Powers

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780823231560
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823235537 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823231560.003.0010

Series: The Future of the Religious Past

Sharia and State in the Sudan

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This chapter traces the interconnections between sharia as a body of law and the state in the Sudan. The British colonial authorities introduced sharia to help control the Muslim population. Although sharia is currently Sudan's dominant legal system, the constitution of 1998 is not explicit about its significance. Controversial aspects of sharia that go against international conventions or standards of human rights are relaxed or not implemented at all. The state has been central to the place of sharia in the modern Sudan. The relative autonomy of the judiciary at certain moments in the postcolonial period has been almost completely obliterated. This chapter looks at the history of sharia from early to late colonialism, the rise of nationalism and Islam, self-government, independence, constitutionalism, and late Islamism in the Sudan.

Keywords: Sudan; sharia; state; judiciary; colonialism; nationalism; Islam; self-government; constitutionalism; human rights

Chapter.  8435 words. 

Subjects: East Asian Religions

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