Chapter

Closing Down the Kingdom: Union Combined Operations Against Wilmington

Chris E. Fonvielle Jr.

in Union Combined Operations in the Civil War

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780823232864
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823240777 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823232864.003.0009

Series: The North's Civil War

Closing Down the Kingdom: Union Combined Operations Against Wilmington

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Long before Ulysses S. Grant made his move to the James River, the North Carolina seaport of Wilmington on the Cape Fear River had become the principal port of entry for ships carrying essential supplies to Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. By the summer of 1864, as Grant fought his way through the wilderness, and Butler moved up the James River to Bermuda Hundred, the survival of Lee's army depended heavily on the flow of European arms, equipment, and provisions being imported into the Confederacy by way of Wilmington. Union military authorities did not initiate a serious campaign against this key city until late 1864. By then, however, Wilmington was the most heavily defended city on the Atlantic seaboard, with the exception of Charleston. Nevertheless, with important lessons learned in previous combined operations, the U.S. Army and Navy made plans to capture Wilmington with a large-scale combined operation.

Keywords: Civil War; Union; U.S. Army; U.S. Navy; combined operations

Chapter.  8356 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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