“Necessary, Useful, and Beautiful”: Founding Fathers and a Catholic Day College, 1868–1900

Thomas A. McCabe

in Miracle on High Street

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780823233106
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823234950 | DOI:
“Necessary, Useful, and             Beautiful”: Founding Fathers and a Catholic Day College,             1868–1900

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This chapter discusses the founding of St. Benedict's and examines its status as a day college for young men. On December 22, 1870, four priests huddled in the pastoral residence of St. Mary's Church to adopt bylaws for the Order of St. Benedict of New Jersey. Abbott Wimmer reasoned, “Only God can create something out of nothing” , which led him to believe that first it should be taught what is necessary, then what is useful, and finally what is beautiful and this will contribute to refinement. St. Benedict's was not interested solely in matters of the mind, as the monk-teachers wanted to look after the souls of their earthly charges too. The year 1885 proved to be momentous for the monks and students on High Street. The monastery was elevated to abbatial status and a native Newarker, James Zilliox, was its first spiritual leader.

Keywords: Abbott Wimmer; refinement; Newark; High Street; useful; James Zilliox

Chapter.  6659 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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