Chapter

A New Form of Religious Consciousness? Religion and Politics in Contemporary Muslim Contexts

Abdou Filali-Ansary

in Crediting God

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780823233199
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823233212 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823233199.003.0003
A New Form of Religious               Consciousness? Religion and Politics in Contemporary Muslim Contexts

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This chapter discusses the relation between religion and politics in contemporary Islam. It attempts to go beyond the standard debate between reformist and fundamentalist interpretations of Islamic civilization. Fundamentalism appeals to the possibility and necessity of bringing back the caliphate and reintegrating the ummah, the Islamic polity. It is shown that this fundamentalism, associated with the work of Qutb and others, may itself have been a reaction to another intellectual movement in Islam that sought to think critically through two basic claims: first, that the Qur'an contains a political constitution or program; second, that the Qur'an contains a catalogue of divine norms that are of atemporal validity. This intellectual movement is discussed in relation to two books by Ali Abderraziq and Maaruf Ar-Rusafi, books that, in their very controversial history of reception, reveal both the difficulties but also the promise inherent in bringing together Islam and the public sphere.

Keywords: religion; politics; Islam; fundamentalism

Chapter.  10272 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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