Chapter

Foundation and Early Occupation (1571–late Seventeenth Century)

Charles Le Quesne

in Quseir

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print October 2007 | ISBN: 9789774160097
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781936190027 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.003.0003
Foundation and Early Occupation (1571–late Seventeenth Century)

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Archaeological evidence for each phase of occupation of Quseir Fort came in two forms: the excavations and examination of the surviving structures. The evidence from each of these sources is set out in this book for each phase of the fort's development. A total of six phases of development were identified on the basis of the structural evidence and excavated evidence: Phase I (foundation, ca. 1571), Phase II (1571-early seventeenth century), Phase III (mid-late seventeenth century), Phase IV (eighteenth century), Phase V (Napoleonic), and Phase VI (nineteenth and twentieth centuries). This chapter covers phases I–III, the foundation and early history of Quseir Fort. The fortifications are very reminiscent of the sixteenth-century defenses of Jedda preserved in a contemporary Portuguese engraving. The fort was intended to accommodate artillery from the period of its construction as specified in the foundation firman.

Keywords: archaeological evidence; Quseir Fort; excavations; fortifications; Jedda; firman; construction; artillery; structures

Chapter.  9746 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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