Chapter

Late Ottoman Occupation (Eighteenth Century)

Charles Le Quesne

in Quseir

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print October 2007 | ISBN: 9789774160097
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781936190027 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.003.0004
Late Ottoman Occupation (Eighteenth Century)

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While the primary architecture of Quseir Fort, particularly the defenses, is very distinctive, it is much harder to recognize subsequent changes until the Napoleonic period. The evidence from the excavation backs this up, in particular that from Trench B. Patching is no longer in evidence because of the major restoration work carried out by France and in the nineteenth century under Muhammad 'Ali. The Napoleonic manuscript plan, for example, indicates that the outer face of the northwestern defenses had been completely robbed away before the French added a new face. The remaining section of Ottoman masonry is extremely eroded as the result of four hundred years of constant exposure to the scouring effects of the year-round north wind. The issue becomes more complex because there is cartographic evidence, backed up by circumstantial archaeological evidence, that there were buildings in Quseir Fort's courtyard by the late eighteenth century.

Keywords: Napoleonic period; excavation; Trench B; patching; Muhammad 'Ali; defenses; masonry; Quseir Fort; architecture; France

Chapter.  2327 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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