Chapter

The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Charles Le Quesne

in Quseir

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print October 2007 | ISBN: 9789774160097
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781936190027 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.003.0006
The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

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The next significant phase of construction at Quseir Fort can most easily be dated to the reign of Muhammad 'Ali, ruler of Egypt from 1811 to 1848. The British expedition under General Sir David Baird remained in the town for only a month and does not seem to have left any lasting impression on the fort. It is clear, though, that Muhammad 'Ali recognized the importance of Quseir, at a time when Egyptian influence over the Hejaz and the Holy Cities was still a major element of foreign policy. It is reasonable to assume that a garrison was restored to the fort during this period and possibly beyond. The clearest evidence that changes took place in the fort during this period comes from the standing buildings themselves. Further force is added to this by the obvious stylistic similarities between various elements of the alterations and early nineteenth-century elements of the defenses at the Cairo citadel.

Keywords: Quseir Fort; Muhammad 'Ali; British expedition; David Baird; Hejaz; Holy Cities; foreign policy; citadel

Chapter.  6408 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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