Development Assistance and the Concept of Participation in Basic Education

Fatma H. Sayed

in Transforming Education In Egypt

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print October 2006 | ISBN: 9789774160165
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970276 | DOI:
Development Assistance and the Concept of Participation in Basic Education

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Identification of various external pressures on the Egyptian Ministry of Education makes them accept models of democratization, decentralization, and governance in education. Due to the absence of results from development assistance funds directed to the developing world over several decades, their inefficient administration, and corrupt practices at several levels make the development agencies revise their development philosophies and procedures. The desire of the development agencies to find an alternative course for development assistance has opened a door to the concepts of participation, ownership, and empowerment of local communities. In the beginning of 1990s, these new ideas materialized into development assistance and soft plan policies. In this context, decentralization became a major condition for achieving success in development assistance.

Keywords: decentralization; democratization; governance; development assistance; participation; development agencies; Egyptian Ministry of Defence

Chapter.  7782 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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