Chapter

Introduction

Jill Kamil

in Labib Habachi

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9789774160615
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970184 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774160615.003.0001
Introduction

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Tracing the role of the Egyptians in the study of Egyptology requires an insight into the political and social forces that forged modern Egypt. Like Alexander the Great, who presented himself as Egypt's liberator from Persian rule, Napoleon Bonaparte, is said to have unchained the opening to Egypt's past. French rule is considered to be one of the most significant contributions of France to Egypt's development. Unfortunately, the period of French rule ended early thanks to the British fleet under Lord Nelson which arrived off the Egyptian coast in 1801 and sank the French fleet at anchor in Abukir Bay. In spite of their short rule, French influence had a lasting effect on Egypt and its development of national identity. Furthermore, Muhammad Ali, an Ottoman officer, set out to modernize the country by introducing European technology and he crushed rival Ottoman and Mamluk commanders.

Keywords: Egyptology; Napoleon Bonaparte; Egyptian; Ottoman; Mamluk; Muhammad Ali

Chapter.  8730 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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