Historical and Religious Background of the Demirdashiya

Earle H. Waugh

in Visionaries of Silence

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9789774160899
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970467 | DOI:
Historical and Religious Background of the Demirdashiya

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Theosophy of the Divine Names itself is rooted in the power of mandalalike articulation. The rise of the Khalwatiya seems to reflect the institutionalization of personal withdrawal and the ascendancy of silent meditation within the Sufi tradition. It indicates how malleable the Islamic tradition was in its early history, for the khalwa (retreat) denotes an influence from the periphery of the Islamic world, which gained significance in the heart of the religious establishment. In the fifteenth century, some ideas connected to an international spiritual movement embodied in institutional structures called orders were directed by a distinctive leadership of masters and saints and were each based on an adab (discipline). Spencer Trimingham stressed the impact of eastern spiritual impulses on the Islamic empires as the fulcrum for Sufi life.

Keywords: theosophy; mandalalike; khalwa; significance; Sufi life

Chapter.  10818 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Islam

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