During the next phase of the history described in this book, the AFSC dispatched three workers to Israel to distribute emergency relief under UN auspices and to work toward the rehabilitation and resettlement of both Arab and Jewish refugees. It was in fact able to distribute some relief to Jewish prisoners of war and to Jewish orphans and immigrants, but the new Israeli government quickly assumed responsibility for aiding the Jewish refugees and asked the AFSC to distribute United Nations supplies to impoverished Arabs only. Often the Israeli government ordered the AFSC volunteers not to provide food to Arabs who had returned to their homes from across the border, mostly from southern Lebanon. After the Tur'an and Acre projects ended, the AFSC continued to focus on small-scale community development and co-existence projects rather than large-scale emergency relief and also expanded its diplomatic and peacemaking efforts.
Keywords: Israel; AFSC; Tur'an project; Acre project; Arab; Jewish; refugees
Chapter. 9357 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Society and Culture
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