An Assessment of Growth, Distribution, and Poverty in Egypt: 1990/91–2004/05

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din

in The Egyptian Economy

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9789774161544
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970306 | DOI:
An Assessment of Growth, Distribution, and Poverty in Egypt: 1990/91–2004/05

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Based on the Egyptian experience since the beginning of the 1990s to 2005, this chapter tries to explain observed growth in Egypt and to link it to the evolution of poverty over this period. It attempts to identify whether growth has been associated with improved distribution so that they both would lead to a significant reduction in poverty or, conversely, whether growth has been combined with a deterioration in income distribution dampening or even reversing the growth effect on poverty reduction. The period of study has been further divided into three subperiods corresponding to the time elapsed between the four successive household, income, expenditure, and consumption surveys available for the whole period. The chapter is organized as follows. It begins with a discussion of some key features of the macroeconomic growth experience. This is followed by an investigation of aggregate poverty trends in Egypt and a discussion of growth and distribution components of poverty measures. It then moves on to analyze the sectoral patterns of GDP and employment growth, and tries to correlate these observed patterns with income distribution and poverty. Finally, it highlights policy requirements of equitable growth and ends with some concluding remarks.

Keywords: Egypt; Egyptian economy; poverty; marcoeconomic growth; GDP; employment; income distsribution

Chapter.  12239 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Economy

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