The Mosque of Mustafa Shurbagi Mirza: Reasserting Egypt's Mamluk Roots

Conchita Añorve-Tschirgi

in Creswell Photographs Re-examined

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9789774162442
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970115 | DOI:
The Mosque of Mustafa Shurbagi Mirza: Reasserting Egypt's Mamluk Roots

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Egypt's architectural production changed from the onset of Ottoman rule in 1517. Economic and political changes and their immediate consequences affected general society in Egypt as well, causing a decline in the quality and quantity of the means for building. Mustafa Shurbagi Mirza had titles, namely; amir and mustahfizan which were given in his waqfiyya. This outstanding dignitary was evidently part of the well-established group of Janissaries in Cairo, or at least a descendant of one of those families, who during his own generation or the previous one, consolidated the two positions of “soldier-trader,” and then blended in with the local populations of Cairo and Bulaq. The fact that can be discerned in the construction of Mustafa Shurbagi Mirza's mosque is that it served as a tool of protest against foreigners, whom locals regarded with disdain.

Keywords: Mustafa Shurbagi Mirza; amir; mustahfizan; waqfiyya; Janissaries; Cairo

Chapter.  7870 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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