Chapter

Labor Supply, Employment, and Unemployment in the Egyptian Economy, 1988–2006

Ragui Assaad

in The Egyptian Labor Market Revisited

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9789774162480
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970313 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774162480.003.0001
Labor Supply, Employment, and Unemployment in the Egyptian Economy, 1988–2006

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This chapter summarizes the trends in the working-age population, the labor force, labor force participation, unemployment, and employment in the Egyptian economy over the period 1988 to 2006. Whenever possible, it compares the developments from 1988 to 1998 to what happened in the 1998–2006 period. The three surveys that have been relied on—the Labor Force Sample Survey 1988 (LFSS 1988), the Egypt Labor Market Survey (ELMS 1998), and the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey 2006 (ELMPS 2006)—are all broadly comparable in design and methodology. The ELMPS 2006 was designed as a longitudinal panel, but little of the ensuing analysis depends on this panel design. The direct implications of rising labor force participation and falling unemployment are that employment grew fairly rapidly during the 1998–2006 period, and that employment-to-population ratios increased. In general, the review of developments in the Egyptian labor market in recent years has revealed a trend of overall improvement in labor market conditions since 1998. With the slowdown in public sector employment, the private sector has finally become the engine of employment growth in the Egyptian economy.

Keywords: Egyptian economy; labor force; labor market; survey; labor supply; unemployment; employment

Chapter.  12200 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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