Chapter

The Fall and Rise of Earnings and Inequality in Egypt: New Evidence from the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey 2006

Ragui Assaad

in The Egyptian Labor Market Revisited

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9789774162480
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970313 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774162480.003.0002
The Fall and Rise of Earnings and Inequality in Egypt: New Evidence from the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey 2006

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This chapter examines the distributional and structural developments of real hourly wages and monthly earnings in Egypt between 1988 and 2006 on the basis of the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey 2006 (ELMPS 2006), and compares the results to those of the Labor Force Sample Survey 1988 (LFSS 1988) and Egypt Labor Market Survey 1998 (ELMS 1998). In particular, it explores the changes in average hourly wages and monthly earnings across important socio-economic groups (by gender, occupation, industry, level of education, and sector of ownership). The chapter also investigates how the share of earners with low wages changed over time and across socio-economic groups. In general, the results reveal that after the initial period of real-wage erosion and wage compression (1988–98), both real wages and wage inequality started rising again for most groups in Egypt. In addition, after almost twenty years of structural adjustment measures, labor market rewards in Egypt mostly followed a U-turn path of decline followed by recovery and return to pre-adjustment levels.

Keywords: labor market; labor force; survey; hourly wages; monthly earnings; wage inequality

Chapter.  7988 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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