Women in the Egyptian Labor Market: An Analysis of Developments, 1988–2006

Ragui Assaad

in The Egyptian Labor Market Revisited

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9789774162480
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970313 | DOI:
Women in the Egyptian Labor Market: An Analysis of Developments, 1988–2006

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This chapter explores the Egyptian labor market trends among women. In particular, it briefly investigates how women's employment progressed overall during the 1988–2006 period. The chapter concentrates on wage and salary employment among women, and, specifically, on such employment outside the now-contracting government sector. It also uses the data from the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey 2006 (ELMPS 2006) to see if policy changes since the late 1990s have resulted in a different mode of integration in the world economy for Egypt and therefore a different feminization trend. In particular, it evaluates whether the growth of labor-intensive manufactured exports, such as textiles and garments, contributed to a greater feminization of the paid labor force outside of the government sector. Although female labor force participation rates are increasing on the whole, the increase is less than expected given the increasing educational attainment among Egyptian women of working age. The results on the structure of female employment reveal that as the share of the public sector declined, there was an increase in the share of private sector wage and salary employment, but most of that increase was made up of informal employment.

Keywords: labor market; Egyptian women; employment; wage; salary; government; private sector; survey; feminization

Chapter.  12065 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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