The Multiethnic Character of the Wadi al-Natrun

Maged S.A. Mikhail and Mark Moussa

in Christianity and Monasticism in Wadi al-Natrun

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9789774162602
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970474 | DOI:
The Multiethnic Character of the Wadi al-Natrun

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This chapter examines in particular the inhabitants of Wadi al-Natrun, who came from several ethnic groups other than native Egyptians or Copts. The history of the Wadi al-Natrun can be traced back to earlier pharaonic times when the trade route ran from Buhaira and Farāfrah. The multiethnic character of the Wadi al-Natrun is reflected in the names of two monasteries which are still active today: Dayr as-Surian, the Syrian Monastery, and Dayr al-Baramus, the Monastery of the Romans. The ethnic problems in the Scetis are presented. It also explains the foundation of the al-Baramus Monastery and the early historical developments in the Wadi al-Natrun. The new, cenobitic form of monastic life fostered the establishment of other religious communities in the Scetis.

Keywords: Wadi al-Natrun; Buhaira; Farāfrah; multiethnic character; Dayr as-Surian; Dayr al-Baramus; Scetis

Chapter.  4625 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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