Chapter

Consecration of the Myron at Saint Macarius Monastery (Ms 106 Lit.)

Maged S.A. Mikhail and Mark Moussa

in Christianity and Monasticism in Wadi al-Natrun

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9789774162602
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970474 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774162602.003.0007
Consecration of the Myron at Saint Macarius Monastery (Ms 106 Lit.)

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This chapter examines some aspects of the sacred service of preparing the Holy Chrism Oil, as performed in the Monastery of St. Macarius in the Middle Ages; this study is based on his work on a unique manuscript, housed in the Patriarchal Library in Cairo. In particular, it focuses on the investigation of the Myron in Wadi al-Natrun to the ceremony which took place in 1374 AD in the monastery of Saint Macarius under Pope Gabriel IV. The importance of this manuscript is not only because of the rarity of the published manuscripts concerning the Myron but also it reflects some local tradition from Upper-Egypt which is emphasized in this chapter. Next, the chapter addresses the significance of this manuscript for the study of the development of the Coptic liturgy. The three examples presented highlight the importance of the study of the manuscript of the Concoction of the Myron 106 Lit. The manuscript is also important for the study of the development of monasticism in Wadi n'Natrun by the end of the fourteenth century.

Keywords: Holy Chrism Oil; Monastery of St. Macarius; Myron; Wadi al-Natrun; Pope Gabriel IV; Coptic liturgy; Concoction; monasticism; Wadi n'Natrun

Chapter.  3971 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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