Chapter

The River of Trajan

Peter Sheehan

in Babylon of Egypt

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9789774162992
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781936190072 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774162992.003.0003
The River of Trajan

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Trajan's reign has been characterized as one of reforms generated by a visionary speculation that conceived of a unified political and military system for the Roman empire. Trajan constituted a defining moment in the making of Old Cairo and the topography of the entire city of Cairo. He built a harbor stone and incorporated the entrance to a great canal, which he named after himself, Amnis Traianus. This canal linked the Nile to the Red Sea and opened a direct trade route between Mediterranean and the East. The origins of Trajan's canal lie in a much earlier Holocene eastern branch channel of the Nile that flowed through the Wadi Tumilat toward the depression of Lake Timsah.

Keywords: Trajan; Old Cairo; Roman empire; Nile; canal; Amnis Traianus; topography; Red Sea; trade route

Chapter.  13904 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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