Chapter

The Northern Problem

Aidan Dodson

in Amarna Sunset

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9789774163043
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781936190041 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774163043.003.0004
The Northern Problem

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During the reign of Akhenaten, Egypt was one of those who had great powers in the ancient world and was a key node in the complex of diplomatic links. Late in his reign, Egypt attacked Qadesh — the key city of northern Syria. When Hittie king, Shuppiluliumash I, seized the throne before Akhenaten's accession, he consolidated his power on Anatolia and began to flex his muscle on the south. Shuppiluliumash started the “Great Syrian War” as an answer to the attack of Tushratta and his army on Hatti's north Syrian ally, Nukhashshe. Hitties conquered Isuwa and entered Mitanni, and they conquered all various Mitannian vassal cities in northern Syria. Qadesh was also taken into the Hittie sphere after its ruler foolishly attacked Shuppiluliumash's forces. Although already at this stage of success in the part of Shuppiluliumash's forces, they never planned to attack Egyptian possessions.

Keywords: Egypt; Akhenaten; Qadesh; Hittie; Shuppiluliumash I; Great Syrian War; Tushratta; Nukhashshe; Isuwa; Mitanni

Chapter.  2060 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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