Chapter

Christianity in Dandara and Medamud

Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

in Christianity and Monasticism in Upper Egypt

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9789774163111
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970481 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774163111.003.0009
Christianity in Dandara and Medamud

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The capital of the sixth province in Upper Egypt during the pharaonic period was known as Dandara. The oldest tradition of Christians in Dandara is found in a reference in the Arabic Synaxarion under 15 Bashans (Basset 1904—29, vol. 4: 386). Because of Pachomius's influence, Dandara would go on to become an important monastic center, and its presence and orientation encouraged others to found more monasteries in this area. The Arabic Synaxarion, under 3 Amshir, mentions Apa Yahudha, who established a new monastery in Dandara. Coptic literature has preserved the martyrdom of two saints from Dandara, namely Paphnutius and Ptolemy. Paphnutius was a hermit in Dandara in the reign of Diocletian when Arianus was the governor of the Thebaid. After Paphnutius had been betrayed, Arianus traveled to Dandara and sent his soldiers to seize him.

Keywords: Upper Egypt; pharaonic period; Dandara; Pachomius; Synaxarion; Christianity; monasteries; Arianus; Paphnutius; Ptolemy

Chapter.  3115 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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