The Esna Monasteries: Dayr al-Shuhada and Dayr al-Fakhuri

Gawdat Gabra and Hany N. Takla

in Christianity and Monasticism in Upper Egypt

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9789774163111
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970481 | DOI:
The Esna Monasteries: Dayr al-Shuhada and Dayr al-Fakhuri

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Dayr al-Shuhada and Dayr al-Fakhuri's churches are best known for their wall paintings. Travelers since the seventeenth century have left their impressions and accounts in journals and publications. Dayr al-Shuhada, the Monastery of the Martyrs, is situated about five kilometers to the southwest of Esna. It is also called the Monastery of St. Ammonios and the Martyrs (Dayr Manawus wa Shuhada). While Dayr al-Fakhuri is situated about nine kilometers north of Esna, near the village of Asfun. The name “al-Fakhuri” (the potter) is obscure. The monastery is dedicated to St. Matthew the Poor. Both monastic churches contain an interesting, although incomplete, painting scheme. The quality of the remaining paintings and the iconographical detail presents good reason for conservation and fresh study.

Keywords: wall paintings; Esna; Dayr al-Shuhada; Dayr al-Fakhuri; monastic churches; monasteries

Chapter.  6772 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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