Chapter

Nonstate Actors: A Comparative Analysis of Change and Development within Hamas and Hezbollah

Bahgat Korany

in The Changing Middle East

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9789774163531
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970368 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774163531.003.0008
Nonstate Actors: A Comparative Analysis of Change and Development within Hamas and Hezbollah

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Hamas and Hezbollah are often perceived and categorized as being alike, as a result of similarities in their organizational structure, ideology, and activities. They exhibit comparable characteristics, as they both represent sociopolitical agendas while adhering to ideological paradigms of political Islamism. Attitudes and perceptions of the Middle East generally conform to an “intellectual laziness” or assumption of the unchanging and often static nature of regional actors, state and nonstate alike. A more productive research endeavor is concerned with why nonstate actors (NSAs) have emerged as an alternative form of governance in the region of the Middle East. The formation and development of the two organizations are a consequence of the spillover or “multiplier” effects stemming from two “big bangs”: the creation of the State of Israel in 1948 and the collective failure of the Arab states in the June 1967 War.

Keywords: Hamas; Hezbollah; Islamism; ideology; Arab states; Israel; June 1967 War; Middle East

Chapter.  10961 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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