Chapter

Identity and Difference

Malek Khouri

in The Arab National Project in Youssef Chahine's Cinema

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9789774163548
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970153 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774163548.003.0006
Identity and Difference

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This chapter's description starts at the point when the government declared a state of emergency and imposed a curfew, a measure which had not been enforced since the early days of the 1952 revolution when peaceful demonstrations turned into riots and violence. Almost seventy-nine people were killed, more than 214 injured, and thousands were sent to jail. Islamist-supported groups began to exert increasing influence among students and other marginalized members of Egyptian society. The leadership gap created in the popular protest movement through the weakening of the left was soon filled by government-supported religious fundamentalists. With the decline of the nationalist and Marxist left, and the growth of social and political tensions, the new Arab reality Chahine had warned of in 1976 in The Return of the Prodigal Son was coming to pass. Economic, social, and political tensions and instabilities were now taking the form of religious tensions.

Keywords: 1952 revolution; violence; fundamentalists; Marxist; instabilities

Chapter.  7616 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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