Chapter

Zawiyat Sidi al-Ghazi: Survival of a Traditional Religious Institution

John A. Shoup

in Held in Trust

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9789774163937
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781617970924 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.003.0006
Zawiyat Sidi al-Ghazi: Survival of a Traditional Religious Institution

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The zawiya, or hospice, of Sidi al-Ghazi in the Tafilalt is one of the most important in the western part of the Sahara. It figures among the six most important of those located along the northern fringe of the Sahara. The founder of the zawiya, Sidi Abu al-Qasim al-Ghazi, was a member of the Sharifian Idrisi family and a direct descendant of the early Idrisi Sufi leader, ‘Abd al-Salam ibn Mashish. This chapter examines a process where both the Moroccan government's support for certain shrines and the ability of rural economies to withstand external pressures have meant the difference between survival and extinction for some waqfs. In some ways, it shows the reversal of trends noted by ‘Abd al-Mu’ti and Ibrahim for the eighteenth century, with an increasingly powerful central state asserting its authority over regional religious centers.

Keywords: zawiya; Sidi al-Ghazi; Sharifian Idrisi; waqfs; central state

Chapter.  6011 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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