Chapter

Downfall, Renaissance, and Decline

Aidan Dodson

in Poisoned Legacy

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9789774163951
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781936190058 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774163951.003.0008
Downfall, Renaissance, and Decline

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The propagandistic intent of both the stela and the papyrus is thus clear, with the result that neither can be regarded uncritically as a source for the state of Egypt at the time Sethnakhte appeared on the scene. The reliability of the papyrus also suffers from its having been written more than three decades after the events in question. Sethnakhte's death marked the accession of his son Rameses III and the opening of the last phase of the history of the New Kingdom. The Libyan population of the western Delta continued to increase by peaceful infiltration and would later form the basis for a line of chieftains that would ultimately take the throne of Egypt. The renaissance represented by the reign of Rameses III was followed by a slow but steady decline under his successors, beginning with Rameses IV.

Keywords: Sethnakhte; Rameses III; Rameses IV; New Kingdom; Egypt

Chapter.  3413 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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