Chapter

Turks in the Egyptian Administration and the Turkish Language as a Language of Administration

Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu

in The Turks in Egypt and their Cultural Legacy

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9789774163975
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9781617971051 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774163975.003.0005
Turks in the Egyptian Administration and the Turkish Language as a Language of Administration

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Muhammad Ali established Turkish as the language of government administration in Egypt. However, since Arabic remained the language of most Egyptians, a class of bilingual bureaucrats developed, and many texts and government documents were printed in bilingual editions. A number of Turkish loan words entered Egyptian Arabic; similarly, the Turkish spoken in Egypt absorbed words from Arabic. Later in the nineteenth century, Arabic, and to a lesser extent French and English, began to displace Turkish as the language of government.

Keywords: administration; Muhammad Ali; Turkish language; bilingualism; publishing

Chapter.  6805 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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