The Economic Basis of Egyptian Nubian Labor Migration

Nicholas S. Hopkins and Sohair R. Mehanna

in Nubian Encounters

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9789774164019
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970382 | DOI:
The Economic Basis of Egyptian Nubian Labor Migration

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This chapter analyzes Egyptian Nubian labor migration within the wider perspective of both migrancy and permanent migration as they occur throughout the African continent. In the African literature the term, “labor migration” refers to the voluntary circulation of adult male and female laborers between their rural tribal homes and external areas, both rural and urban, of employment. Prior to Nubian relocation in connection with the Aswan High Dam, increases in labor migration rates were closely correlated with decreases in per capita land resources. In this sense, the Nubian situation is yet another example of the economic motivation of labor migration. On the other hand, while African labor migrancy appears to be primarily a means to maintain the shaky economic base of a preferred rural society, it remains to be seen what proportion of Nubian wage laborers decide to rejoin their families in the resettlement areas.

Keywords: Nubia; labor migration; African labor; Nubian relocation; Aswan dam

Chapter.  8072 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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