Chapter

From Pre-industrial to Industrial Kabul

Marcus Schadl

in The Bazaar in the Islamic City

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9789774165290
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9781617971334 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774165290.003.0008
From Pre-industrial to Industrial Kabul

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The Kabul bazaars, the centers of trading and pre-industrial production, were strung out along the town's main thoroughfares. They formed the spine, where the city's public and economic life concentrated and around which the residential quarters developed. When in the late 19th century Afghanistan entered the “modern,” industrial world with the establishment of manufactories at the fringe of the capital city, a conflict arose between the traditional bazaars and the modern factory. The competition with centralized industrial production outside of the town first affected the bazaars as places of small-scale handicraft production. In a second phase, they declined as places of commerce and vending. The bazaars, repeatedly being restructured and repositioned within the urban plan, have since considerably lost in importance and deteriorated physically.

Keywords: Kabul; Afghanistan; industrialization; manufactories; production; decline

Chapter.  6429 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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