Democratization and Constitutional Reform in Egypt and Indonesia: Evaluating the Role of the Military

Javed Maswood and Usha Natarajan

in Arab Spring in Egypt

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9789774165368
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9781617971365 | DOI:
Democratization and Constitutional Reform in Egypt and Indonesia: Evaluating the Role of the Military

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This chapter does a comparative analysis of democratic transition in Indonesia following the Asian financial crisis and collapse of the New Order military regime, and the Egyptian transition following the 2011 revolutionary uprising that unseated President Hosni Mubarak. The historical similarities between the two cases are numerous and include the established principle of extensive military involvement in internal politics and the national economy and extend to the nature of the collapse of military dictatorship. Democratic transition and consolidation is not easy but it was a process that was relatively well managed in Indonesia and the military ultimately withdrew from national politics to become a more professional institution. The success of democratic consolidation in Egypt will require a similar professionalization of the military and this chapter analyzes this prospect through the lens of constitutionalism and political reforms. It is uncertain how this complex interplay between civilian and military authorities will play out in the Egyptian context and whether the democratic transition will lend to easy consolidation or end in a series of ups and downs.

Keywords: Military and Democracy; Democratic Transition; Comparative Indonesian and Egyptian Politics; Constitutional Reforms

Chapter.  10065 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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