Chapter

Tanis: The Thebes of the North

Miroslav Verner

in Temple of the World

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print June 2013 | ISBN: 9789774165634
Published online September 2014 | e-ISBN: 9781617975431 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774165634.003.0007
Tanis: The Thebes of the North

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Originally, Tanis was just a provincial town, the center of the nineteenth Lower Egyptian nome. It owed its rise to its position as the starting point for an important trade route into Palestine and beyond into Syria. Scholars accompanying Napoleon's military expedition to Egypt made the first modern plan of this famous archaeological site. The great building program initiated in Tanis by Pasbakhaenniut I was ideologically based on the cult of the Theban Triad: Amun, Mut, and Khonsu. The Great Amun Temple founded by Pasbakhaenniut I and built up by subsequent kings of the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Dynasties must have been a grand structure comparable to Amun's temples in Luxor and Karnak once it was completed. The French archaeologist Pierre Montet discovered in the late 1930s the burial chamber and treasures of Tanis.

Keywords: Tanis; Thebes of the North; Amun; cult; Theban Triad; Pasbakhaenniut I; Montet; burial chamber

Chapter.  5563 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History and Theory of Archaeology

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