Chapter

The Citadel of Musr, or Cairo.

Jason Thompson

in Description of Egypt

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print October 2000 | ISBN: 9789774245251
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781617970160 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774245251.003.0012
The Citadel of Musr, or Cairo.

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The Citadel (El-Ckal”ah) is situated at the south-eastern extremity of the metropolis, upon an extensive, flat-topped, rocky eminence, about 250 feet above the level of the plain, and near the point of Mount Moockut'tum, which completely commands it. It was founded by Sala'hh ed-Deen (the Saladin of our historians), in the year of the flight 572 (A.D. 1176–7); but not finished till 604; since which it has been the usual residence of the Soolta'ns and governors of Egypt. Before it sits a spacious square, called the Roomey'leh, where a market is held; and where conjurors, musicians, and story-tellers, are often seen each surrounded by a ring of idlers. The Ba'b el-'Az'ab is the principal gate of the Citadel. A great part of the interior of the Citadel is obstructed by ruins and rubbish; and there are many dwelling-houses, and some shops, within it.

Keywords: Citadel; metropolis; Mount Moockut'tum; Sala'hh ed-Deen; Roomey'leh

Chapter.  1087 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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