Environmental Change and Social Response in Egypt

Nicholas S. Hopkins, Sohair R. Mehanna and Salah El-Haggar

in People and Pollution

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print May 2001 | ISBN: 9789774245725
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781617970962 | DOI:
Environmental Change and Social Response in Egypt

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This chapter shows the kind of thinking about environment and pollution issues that is found among nonelite, nonexpert, ordinary Egyptians. The focus in this study is on the so-called brown agenda—the problems of pollution, poverty, and environmental hazards in cities extended to include similar problems in rural Egypt. The Egyptian government's determination to clean up the environment is steadily increasing, and there is a correspondingly higher level of awareness on the part of people. This chapter considers various theoretical approaches to understanding the relation between a people and the environment in which they live. The different points discussed in this chapter (construction of a problem, common property, risk and action, and environmental justice) can be illustrated by the black cloud episode in Cairo in October 1999, which was a severe episode of air pollution that caused concern on the part of many citizens.

Keywords: brown agenda; pollution; poverty; environmental hazards; black cloud episode

Chapter.  8688 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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