Chapter

The Growing Awareness of Schistosomiasis in Egypt: to 1988

Samiha El Katsha

in Gender, Behavior, and Health

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print November 2004 | ISBN: 9789774247286
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970245 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774247286.003.0004
The Growing Awareness of Schistosomiasis in Egypt: to 1988

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The possibility of controlling schistosomiasis in Egypt was first considered following the discovery, in Sudan, that the drug tartar emetic (antimony tartrate) was effective against schistosomiasis. The head of the Khartoum hospital—Dr. J. B. Christopherson—began to experiment with tartar emetic, a non-disease specific, all purpose purging poison that was intended to kill off parasites within the human system. The full course of treatment required 12 injections over a four week period, each of which, from the villagers' point of view, meant one day in which he or she could not work, earning subsistence pay. Egyptian epidemiologists from the early 1930s mapped out what they found to be increasingly high schistosomiasis infection rates in areas of perennial irrigation.

Keywords: Sudan; tartar emetic; tartrate; parasites; irigation

Chapter.  4651 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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