The Coptic Church: Its Churches and Monasteries, Ancient and Modern

Otto F.A. Meinardus

in Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9789774247576
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781617970429 | DOI:
The Coptic Church: Its Churches and Monasteries, Ancient and Modern

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During the first century and the first half of the second century, the spread of Christianity in Alexandria and in Egypt had not been considerable. It appears that Alexandrian Christianity was rather syncretistic. Hadrian, according to a letter to Servianus in 134, saw Christians who worshiped Serapis and those who called themselves bishops of Christ devoting themselves to Serapis. Thus, Alexandrians prostrated themselves before Serapis or Christ impartially. From the beginning of the reign of Commodus in 180, the Christian religion appeared firmly established in Alexandria, almost completely purified of its Gnostic doctrines and all traces of paganism. By the time of Septimius Severus (193–211), Christianity had begun to make history, and from this period onward its development was very rapid. This chapter gives an account of the most celebrated churches in Alexandria in the fourth century.

Keywords: Christianity; Alexandria; Egypt; Servianus; Serapis

Chapter.  51588 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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