The Cult and Necropolis of the Sacred Ram at Mendes

Susan Redford and Donald B. Redford

in Divine Creatures

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print April 2005 | ISBN: 9789774248580
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781936190010 | DOI:
The Cult and Necropolis of the Sacred Ram at Mendes

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Society and Culture


Show Summary Details


Since the dawn of Egyptian history, the roster of numina worshiped in the territory of the sixteenth township of Lower Egypt has always featured ram and fish at the head. Together the two animals indicate the probable subsistence base of the human community in this part of Egypt. The fish (schilby) became the symbol and emblem of the township; but the ram dominated the city as “Lord of the Abiding Place (Ddt).” While Mendes is seldom mentioned in the Pyramid Texts, the Coffin Texts contain some theologically significant references to the town and its god. A prominent theme depends upon the homophony of ba/b3, “ram,” and bai/b3j, “hypostatic projection of identity and power.” Possibly through the mediacy of Andjety, “the shepherd” and his association with Osiris, the latter was brought to Mendes, where he is said to be “pure,” and commands the respect of the “lords of ‘Anpet”.

Keywords: Egyptian history; ram; fish; Mendes; Osiris

Chapter.  9378 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at American University in Cairo Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.