Chapter

Fayoum Portraits and their Influence on the First Coptic Icons

Gawdat Gabra

in Christianity and Monasticism in the Fayoum Oasis

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print August 2005 | ISBN: 9789774248924
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781617970443 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774248924.003.0021
Fayoum Portraits and their Influence on the First Coptic Icons

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This chapter examines the portraits in the Fayoum Oasis in Egypt made in the funerary context and investigates their influence on the first Coptic icons. The Fayoum paintings, usually encaustic, sometimes tempera, show the subject's head and shoulders on a thin wooden board, and are held in place on the mummy with bandages, like the plaster portraits. The composition is always surrounded with small scenes or motifs of an Egyptian type. This chapter provides relevant photographs.

Keywords: portraits; funerary paintings; Fayoum Oasis; Egypt; encaustic painting; tempera paintings; Coptic icons

Chapter.  2360 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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