Reassessing Egypt's Foreign Policy during the 1920s and 1930s

Fred H. Lawson

in Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print August 2005 | ISBN: 9789774249006
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781617971006 | DOI:
Reassessing Egypt's Foreign Policy during the 1920s and 1930s

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Egyptian foreign policy during the years between the revolutions of 1919 and 1952 remains largely unexplored. This chapter introduces the largely uncharted territory of Egypt's foreign relations during the 1920s and 1930s, questioning traditional scholarship which assumes little interest from Cairo in relations with surrounding states during these years. By contrast, it locates several occasions when the Egyptian government displayed considerable regional initiative, including its actions on the issue of Palestine. Investigating in particular Cairo's resistance to Italian attempts to redraw the boundary with Libya in early 1925 and its efforts at Saudi-Yemeni mediation during the crisis of 1934–35, this chapter illuminates Egyptian diplomatic activism at the height of the monarchy, throwing new light on the strategic calculus characterizing Egyptian diplomacy in spite of limited independence from Britain.

Keywords: Egyptian foreign policy; Palestine; Saudi-Yemeni mediation; monarchy; Egyptian diplomacy

Chapter.  9315 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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