Chapter

Historical Consciousness for Modern Citizenship

Barak A. Salmoni

in Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print August 2005 | ISBN: 9789774249006
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781617971006 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774249006.003.0007
Historical Consciousness for Modern Citizenship

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Turning to the ideological component of the pre-1952 Egyptian state's modernization project, this chapter shows how nationalist pedagogues employed education to cultivate a consciousness of civic duty and Egyptian greatness based on particular interpretations of Egypt's ancient and contemporary history. Key historiographical claims about an elite-focused and ideologically unconcerned state, or the 1930s–40s evolution of nationalist reorientations to the East and Islam, remain untested in a central arena for mass socialization. Yet pedagogical inquiry demonstrates that the state was indeed concerned about reaching the masses, utilizing conscious ideological communication to provide present-relevant lessons from a history which throughout the 1920s–52 period focused most of its curricular time on the pharaonic era and reign of Muhammad 'Ali, the latter serving as the continuator of meta-historic Egyptian glory and whose traits young Egyptians were expected to emulate.

Keywords: Egyptian state's modernization project; civic duty; nationalist reorientations; mass socialization; pharaonic era

Chapter.  12335 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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