Writing Women Medical Practitioners into the History of Modern Egypt

Nancy Gallagher

in Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print August 2005 | ISBN: 9789774249006
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781617971006 | DOI:
Writing Women Medical Practitioners into the History of Modern Egypt

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This chapter makes an important contribution to Egyptian social history before and during the parliamentary era by exposing the important role of female health workers (hakimat) in modern Egypt. Women in Egypt entered the medical and health professions much earlier than their counterparts elsewhere in the Middle East as a by-product of Muhammad Ali's modernization programs. Later, in the first half of the twentieth century, Egyptian women with the same societal commitment as Aziza Hussein worked in clinics, hospitals, and public health programs. In the context of a broad review of related literature, this chapter evaluates Egyptian women's medical contributions, arguing for these accomplishments to attain a more prominent place in contemporary recastings of Egyptian social dynamics in the 1919–52 period.

Keywords: Egyptian social history; parliamentary era; hakimat; Egyptian women; Aziza Hussein; public health programs

Chapter.  7938 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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