Rebecca Hillauer

in Encyclopedia of Arab Women Filmakers

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9789774249433
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781936190089 | DOI:

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Iraq was one of the first Arab countries to introduce television in 1954, but compared to other Arab countries, Iraq came late to film. Their first production was in 1945; however, it was a coproduction with Egyptian direction, but after the Second World War, many private Iraqi entrepreneurs engaged in coproduction. Some of Iraqi feature films produced suffered from poor technical quality, and they had problems finding actresses because social norms prevented women from appearing on stage or in a film. After the monarchy ended on July 14, 1958, a film and theater organization was founded under the jurisdiction of the minister of culture. However, the film industry in Iraq did not change for several years. With perseverance, in 1968, an Iraqi film was awarded for the first time with the Silver Tanit award at the Carthage Film Festival.

Keywords: Iraq; television; film; coproduction; Silver Tanit award; theater; actresses; Cartage Film Festival

Chapter.  3720 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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