Chapter

Syria

Rebecca Hillauer

in Encyclopedia of Arab Women Filmakers

Published by American University in Cairo Press

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9789774249433
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9781936190089 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774249433.003.0005
Syria

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In the year 1963, the film history of Syria began when the socialist Ba'th took power. Their film industry produced commercial films and maintained a relatively high annual of production ratio. But before national independence was declared in 1946, production of the film industry in Syria fell, wherein they had only three feature films that were under native direction, and this was because of their lack of financial institutions. Added to their lack of financial support, the cultural policies of the French colonial administration led talented artists and intellectuals to migrate to Egypt, weakening the artistic life of their country. As a result of their fallow production, private companies founded a Syrian film corporation during the Second World War, which they hoped would profit due to the absence of western film imports, just like in Egypt when they had a production upswing during and after the war.

Keywords: Syria; production; film industry; financial support; artists; feature films

Chapter.  3838 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture

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