Soconusco Cacao Farmers Past and Present

Janine Gasco

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print April 2009 | ISBN: 9780813029535
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039503 | DOI:
Soconusco Cacao Farmers Past and Present

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This chapter focuses on the cacao farmers of the Soconusco region of Chiapas, Mexico. The Soconusco region is ideally suited for cacao production; in prehistoric times and historic times the region was one of the chief cacao-producing areas of the Mesoamerica. However, by the turn of the nineteenth century, other agricultural products dominated the cacao production of Soconusco. Bananas, coffee, cotton, and mangos surpassed cacaos as the primary export products. This chapter examines the decline of cacao production and the cacao industry in the Soconusco region. The chapter begins by briefly reviewing cacao cultivation and the environment during the pre-Columbian period in the Soconusco. It also discusses evidence from the Colonial period and the nineteenth century as well as the contemporary trends and issues being faced by Soconusco cacao farmers today.

Keywords: cacao farmers; Soconusco region; Chiapas; Mexico; cacao production; cacao cultivation; Soconusco cacao farmers

Chapter.  6519 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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