Chapter

Cacao, Gender, and the Northern Lacandon God House

Timothy W. Pugh

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica

Published by University Press of Florida

Published in print April 2009 | ISBN: 9780813029535
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780813039503 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0018
Cacao, Gender, and the Northern Lacandon God House

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The Northern Lacandon of Chiapas, Mexico, perform their most important rituals in the yatoch k'uj or “god house” wherein women were generally excluded. Cacao, which was associated with women, was not the most significant offering for Lacandon. For them, the special offering was relegated to their alcoholic drink which was called balché which was associated with males. This chapter examines the nature of gender in everyday life, the sacred context of the god house, and the manner with which cacao fits into the ritual and social setting of the Lacandon. In this chapter, the assumed unequal gender relations that was believed to be propagated and strengthened by the cacao and balché within Northern Lacandon communities are assessed and examined.

Keywords: Northern Lacandon; Chiapas; Mexico; yatoch k'uj; balché; gender; cacao; gender relations

Chapter.  6673 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Prehistoric Archaeology

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